The town of Micanopy holds a long Native American history. While the Indian trading post and white settlement was named Tuscawilla, Cuscowilla was the name given to the Capital Village of the local Seminole people. Cuscowilla was the dwelling of Chief Micanopy, and what was left of the Seminole tribe, before being captured, thereby ending the Second Seminole War. The Board of County Commissioners found it fitting to name the property Cuscowilla to honor this heritage.
The property was purchased by Alachua County in 2017 at public auction using the Wild Spaces Public Places surtax. The same funding source is being used to improve the property.