Safety and Prevention
- Learn your vulnerability to flooding by determining the elevation of your property.
Evaluate your insurance coverage; as construction grows around areas, floodplains
change. If you are in a flood area, consider what mitigation measure you can do
- In highly flood-prone areas, keep materials on hand like sandbags, plywood, plastic
sheeting, plastic garbage bags, lumber, shovels, work boots and gloves.
- Be aware of streams, drainage channels and areas known to flood, so you or your
evacuation routes are not cut off.
- Monitor NOAA Weather Radio.
- Avoid driving into water of unknown depth. Moving water can quickly sweep your vehicle
- Restrict children from playing in flooded areas.
- Test drinking water for potability after a flood; wells should be pumped out and
the water tested before drinking.
- Do not use fresh food that has come in contact with floodwaters. Wash canned goods
that come in contact with floodwaters with soap and hot water.
- Stay away from downed power lines.
See more information on
flooding preparedness on our site.
Property Protection Measures
Every year, flooding causes more property damage in the united States than any other
type of natural disaster. While recent construction practices and regulations have
made new homes less prone to flooding, many existing structures remain susceptible.
Throughout the country there is a growing interest from property owners to develop
practical and cost effective methods for reducing or eliminating exposures to flooding.
Several effective ways include acquisition and relocation of a building to a site
not subject to flooding, construction of floodwalls or berms to keep water away
from the property, or retrofitting structures to make them flood proof. Retrofitting
is a different approach from the other ways because the property itself remains
subject to flooding while the building is modified to prevent or minimize flooding
of habitable space.
Retrofitting to help Prevent Flood Damage
There are several recognizable approaches to retrofitting :
- Elevation of the structure above flood protection levels.
- Contruction of Barriers
- Dry Floodproofing (water tight floors and wall systems)
- Wet Floodproofing (permits entry and passage of flood waters)
The FEMA publishes a Guide